BIOLOGY

What are some important reasons for studying biology?

Biology plays an important role in the understanding of complex forms of life involving humans, animals and plants. Understanding these intricate details of life helps humans understand how to care for themselves, animals and plants in the proper manner.

Biology helps individuals understand the interaction between humanity and the world. It also develops interests in the lives of living organisms to preserve them Through studying biology, pathologists understand the human body, the functions of various organs, how diseases affect the body and ways to effectively control diseases. Veterinarians have to study biology to appreciate the functions of animals, including marine animals and creatures that live on land.

Environmentalists rely on the study of biology to learn how man's actions affect his surroundings and the ecosystems of other living beings. Studying biology is the foundation of all characteristics of life on Earth.

Apart from creating solutions to the challenges many living organisms face, it paves the way for inventions and discoveries that improve the quality of life. Without studying biology, humans would probably never realize how important maintaining a healthy ecology is for themselves, animals and plant life. Additionally, studying biology enables the use of forensics to trace and arrest errant members of the society. It also allows agriculturalists to rear unique breeds of plants and animals.

Living Cells and Life Processes

  1. Life Processes
    • Movement
    • Respiration
    • Sensitivity
    • Growth
    • Excretion
    • Reproduction
    • Nutrition
  2. Cells
    • What are Cells?
    • Structure of animal and plant cell
    • Similarities and differences between animal and plant cells
    • Cell Specialization– Animals
    • Cell Specialization– Plants
    • Unicellular Organisms
    • Multicellular Organisms
    • Cells, Tissues and Organs
  3. In and out of cells
    • Diffusion
    • Example of diffusion in plant cells
    • Example of diffusion in animal cells
    • Osmosis
    • Osmosis in animal cells
    • Osmosis in plant cells
    • Active transport
  4. Enzymes
    • What are Enzymes?
    • How Enzymes work
    • Optimum conditions for enzymes

The Living body

  1. Food and Digestion
    • Why we need food?
    • A Balanced Diet
    • Carbohydrates
    • Proteins
    • Fat
    • Fibre
    • Vitamins and Minerals
    • Water
    • Digestion
    • The Digestive System
    • Animation of the Digestive System
    • Enzymes and Digestion
  2. Breathing and Respiration
    • Breathing
    • Respiration
    • The Breathing System
    • Gas Exchange
    • Gas Exchange Animation
    • Process of Respiration
    • Types of Respiration, Aerobic and Anaerobic
    • Breathing and Exercise
    • Respiratory Diseases
    • 1. Smoking
    • 2. Asthma
  3. Reproduction and Growth
    • Asexual Reproduction
    • Sexual Reproduction
    • Male Reproductive System
    • Female Reproductive System
    • Menstrual cycle and hormones
    • How menstrual cycle works
  4. Blood and the Circulatory System
  5. Cardiovascular System
  6. Components of Blood
    • Red Blood Cells
    • White Blood Cells
    • Platelets
    • Plasma
  7. Arteries, veins and capillaries
    • Arteries
    • Veins
    • Capillaries
  8. The Circulatory System
  9. The Heart
  10. The Cardiac Conduction System

The Plant World

  1. Photosynthesis
    • What is Photosynthesis?
    • The structure of a Leaf
    • Factors affecting the rate of Photosynthesis
      • Light
      • Temperature
      • Carbon dioxide
  2. The importance of Photosynthesis
  3. Gas Exchange in Plants
  4. Structure and function of Stomata
  5. Transport in Plants
  6. Transport into roots and up into leaves
  7. Transpiration and the Transpiration Stream
  8. Measuring Transpiration
  9. Factors affecting the Transpiration Rate
  10. Importance of Transpiration

Inheritance, Variance and Evolution

  • What are chromosomes?
  • What is a gene?
  • The DNA molecule
  • Making new DNA (DNA Replication)
  • Making Proteins (Protein Synthesis)
  • What is Mitosis?
  • Stages of Mitosis
  • What is Meiosis?
  • Stages of Meiosis
  • Sex determination - Is it a boy or a girl?
  • Alleles
  • Inherited diseases
    • Mutations
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Huntington's disease
    • Sickle cell anaemia
  • Genetic Engineering

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